The choice of material for grinding balls(like Zirconia Beads, Alumina Ball) in a ball mill primarily depends on the material of the ball mill itself. Generally, it’s a good practice to choose the same material for both the grinding balls and the ball mill when you’ve determined that a particular material for the ball mill is suitable for the material you’re grinding. However, when the material of the grinding balls cannot match that of the ball mill, the following combinations are typical,

Typical combinations of ball mill and grinding balls

1. Polypropylene ball mill + zirconia / alumina / agate grinding balls

2. Polyethylene ball mill + zirconia / alumina / agate grinding balls

3. Nylon ball mill + stainless steel / zirconia / alumina / agate grinding balls

4. Polyurethane ball mill + zirconia /alumina / agate grinding balls

5. Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) ball mill + zirconia / alumina / agate grinding balls

Weight Configuration of Different Material Grinding Balls in Ball Mills of Various Volumes


Ball Mill Volume Stainless Steel Grinding Balls (kg) Alumina Grinding Balls (kg) ZirconiaGrinding Balls (kg) Agate Grinding Balls (kg)
0.05L 0.07 0.03 0.05 0.03
0.1L 0.2 0.06 0.1 0.06
0.25L 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.2
0.5L 1 0.4 0.5 0.4
1L 1.5 0.7 1 0.7
1.5L 2 1.2 1.5 1
2L 3 1.5 2 1.5
2.5L 3.5 1.8 2.5 1.8
4L 6 3 4 2.8
5L 8 3.5 5 3.5

What Diameter Should Grinding Balls Be

Larger Diameter 30% Medium Diameter 50% Smaller Diameter 20%Grinding balls typically have diameters ranging from 3mm to 40mm. In general, it’s recommended to use three different specifications of grinding balls: large, medium, and small. Large balls in a planetary ball mill generate more force during operation, allowing for rapid material pulverization. Meanwhile, small balls enhance material grinding precision and consistency. When configuring the weight ratios, it’s advisable to follow the principle of 30% for larger diameter, 50% for medium diameter, and 20% for smaller diameter.

The Ratio of Grinding Ball Mass to Material Mass:Ideally, the mass ratio of grinding balls to material should be above 5:1. The volume filled with grinding balls and material should not exceed 80% of the ball mill’s volume, with a range of 40%-60% typically considered optimal.

Since planetary ball mills have diverse applications and accommodate a wide range of materials, the choice of grinding ball diameter should consider factors like the ball mill’s volume, material properties, discharge requirements, and whether it’s wet or dry grinding. It’s recommended to keep a record of the grinding ball size ratios that work best for a specific material during daily experiments to accumulate experience.

Choose Right Grinding Ball to Match Ball Mill

For more advices and knowledge about Grinding Balls, Sand Millls, please contact with our sales:

Charls Shaw  

Sales Manager |Sanxin New Materials
Mobile:+86 19070858212(WhatsApp)


Anyuan Industrial Park, Pingxiang City, Jiangxi Province, China

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